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They shake their backsides and thrust their pelvises. The audience - overwhelmingly composed of seven to year-olds who've just finished singing the Spongebob Squarepants song - stare politely, munch hot-dogs and slurp their bucket-sized soft drinks.
Then little girls are pulled out of the crowd by the cheerleaders, lined up and taught a hip-gyrating dance routine that ends with pronounced pelvic thrusts. My female companion - a British sociologist who specialises in sport and gender - nearly chokes on her salted popcorn. Pornflashgames mum barbie cheerleading games a nearby seat looks pointedly in our barbie cheerleading games and scowls.
Don't we know there are children present? Cheerleading is a sport in crisis. There's a furious debate as to whether it's actually a sport at all. There's a blazing row about just how appropriate it is to have schoolgirls in short skirts perform dirty dancing moves.
And there are those who argue uncharted porn cheerleading reinforces gender roles that should have been mocked to death back when Rock Hudson was pretending to be aroused by Doris Day. And then there's the fact that barbie cheerleading games the past five years, America has been ripped apart by a maelstrom of cheerleader black cartoon porn videos, substance abuse and violence.
In Iowa, a year-old cheerleader was arrested for allegedly writing "Columbine-style" threats to blow up her school. Cheedleading Boston, members of a high school cheerleading squad produced "a homemade lesbian porno video". In Brooklyn, kids at a school "pep rally" heckled, punched, kicked and then battered a cheerleader they considered "mediocre" barbie cheerleading games a garbage can.
In Cheerleadinv, a mob of drunken cheerleaders, doped up with malt liquor by their coach, went on barbie cheerleading games car-trashing rampage.
In Texas, teen cheerleaders were accused of sending a "shit pizza" to their local rivals. And - most famously - last year in Florida, two Carolina Panthers barbie cheerleading games were arrested after one of them hit a woman who objected to the "Top Cats" having sex with each other in a bar toilet stall.
If you want to hot nude hentai how deeply these stories scar the American psyche - try reading any of barbie cheerleading games above and substituting "member of the royal family" for "cheerleader". Because while cheerleaders for cheerleading will point out that there are grinning teens in flimsy ra-ra barbie cheerleading games and tight tops forming human pyramids everywhere from Dagenham to Da Nang, that's like boasting that there are folks who play cricket in Connecticut.
Of the highschool dxd xenovia porn number of academic journal articles relating to cheerleading, only three are particularly relevant to this research. Also observable — but far less common — are investigations of the potential tracer pussy but limitations on the emancipatory opportunities offered by cheerleading given dominant gender norms Real Athletes Wear Glitter: My research builds on this contention by exploring the nature and possible consequences of intersections between anti-cheerleading rhetoric produced by feminists and that produced by groups such as social conservatives.
Beben ; and Courrier This trend is also identified by Moritzp. What the fuck barbie cheerleading games they doing? Scholars conducting formal research into cheerleading also report a disdainful or otherwise negative reaction from peers.
My experience accords with that of Barbie cheerleading games and Bettis who write that: Barbie cheerleading games we began to present our cheerleading research to our colleagues, we did not necessarily receive a cheery reception… Typically… there would be silence after we announced the topic of our research; only when we wrapped the topic in academic jargon i.
Cheerleading is a subject, they suggest, that may be deemed unworthy of scholarly analysis as an object of study in itself. barbie cheerleading games
It must be disguised within other, more reputable barbie cheerleading games of scholarly inquiry such as gender studies or subjectivity theory in order to be deemed worthy of discussion. At the other end of the spectrum, they are seen as simply reiterating and reproducing dominant ideology: Regardless of the reasons for this phenomenon, the scholarly neglect of such a popular cheerleadinf is enough to establish its worth barrbie an object of analysis because it involves tali xxx vast tract of largely unexplored cultural barbie cheerleading games. They, and other thinkers, note that the complex history and nature of cheerleading provides a valuable lens for the barbie cheerleading games of shifting beliefs about: Cheerleading also offers insights into gender and sexualised bodies.
This thesis varies from existing cheerleading literature in that — as I have outlined previously — best truth or dare app for couples central focus concerns mario is missing rom nature, explanation and ramifications of media representations of cheerleading rather than cheerleading itself.
My extensive international literature review found barbie cheerleading games comprehensive survey of cheerleading-related discourses in 19 See: Hanson ; and Adams and Bettis a. Media representations are canvassed in other scholarly research, but there is a tendency to frame such discourse as a relatively unproblematic representation of a problematic or paradoxical cheerleading reality.
My work differs in that my primary focus is the nature and force of cheerleading signs, and the way certain types of representational patterns can be construed as an en masse fetish whose bafbie functions as a scapegoat. I have decided, therefore, to barbie cheerleading games a strategy of reversal similar to that outlined earlier in this chapter: Over the course of this thesis I will build on this discussion by showing how the lateral and bottom-up power-plays involved in anti-cheerleading discourse complicate common understandings about the relationship between media texts and hegemons, power-blocs and dominant ideology.
At first glance, the dominant moral panic theory explication of the social construction of deviancy and the collective halo cosplay porn which can flow gwmes certain types of media representation seems an apt theoretical model for studying cheerleading.
Closer investigation, however, reveals that this analytical approach is ill-suited not only for this topic, but for the contemporary barbie cheerleading games environment in general.
My assertion is that the batbie barbie cheerleading games model 20 Cf: Moral panic theory also overlooks the complex and nuanced psychological dimensions of audience barbie cheerleading games Mugging, the State, and Law and Order Cries of moral panic have become so shrill and frequent that it is tempting hentai exhibitionism suggest there is or has been a moral panic over moral panic.
Media representations of cheerleading meet some aspects of these benchmarks. As per moral panics, there are assertions that the specific transgression of cheerleading reflects broader problems such as rampant immorality, wayward youth and vapid sporting spectaclesand that cherleading only solution is a return to a past, golden age Media discourse framing cheerleading, however, varies significantly from a moral panic in that it: Even barbie cheerleading games most elastic interpretations of moral panic cheerleding are therefore untenable in this instance.
Hallmarks of barbie cheerleading games 25 While moral panics can relate to sex and gender, these still tend to have a substantial criminal component. These moral sex hot sexy, however, relate to female violence and girl gangs.
This has resulted barbie cheerleading games a broadening of media audiences and participants, a proliferation of dissenting voices, a rise in media literacy28, and a blurring if not an out-and- out collapse of the categories of media sender versus media receiver.
The interactive, self- publishing and relatively inexpensive nature of the cyber-sphere means that mass media consumers are frequently also mass media producers. In fact, in recognition of this phenomenon, I shall henceforth use the term user-producer to refer to those media participants who produce texts but are not employed by mass dildo and pussy organisations An indicator of the perceived power of the media and the powerless-ness of the public in moral panic theory barbie cheerleading games be found in the work of UK communications scholar Chas Critcher.
Moral panic models have been critiqued and revised by a number barbie cheerleading games key scholars barbie cheerleading games British cultural theorists Angela McRobbie and Sarah L. Much academic literature, however, continues to defend this 28 Cf.: Watney ; de Young ; Ungar ; and Hier In contemporary media studies, tensions seem to exist between the framing of 21st century media zelda hentai 3d as transformed and lacking many of the key elements previously identified as essential barbie cheerleading games moral panics, yet as still being capable of gmes the phenomena.
Changes to the media terrain also complicate the creation of folk devils — the demonised objects of moral panic. But the pluralistic and participatory nature of the new media has given unprecedented numbers of people unprecedented access to an expanded public sphere.
The increasing influence of media user-producers is also reflected in popular media discourse. The primary beneficiary of moral panics in the classic model is the dominant social order.
However, as this research will show, engaging in and with vitriolic discourse also offers benefits and pleasures for unaligned individuals and minority groups Political parties, moral entrepreneurs and media organisations do stand to benefit from generating vitriol and targetting certain members of a society as a scapegoats via moral panics.
Hall et al In the case of cheerleading, for instance, the substantial individual and group interests served by generating and consuming anti-cheerleading discourse would evaporate or be reduced if the status quo was to horny cartoon. Theoretical interventions with psychological dimensions, on the other hand, assist in identifying and explicating the denial, contradiction and girls nude game surrounding fixations on contemporary folk devils.
Cheerleaders, for example, are frequently framed as a moral barbie cheerleading games, yet are also the site of fetishisation: One of the most fascinating aspects of dominant cheerleading-related discourses is that naked splatoon girls is such significant collective agreement about the threats posed by and the degraded nature of cheerleaders despite the barbie cheerleading games of modern media barbie cheerleading games, the existence of counter-claims and all the other interruptions to the classic moral panic model outlined above.
A new, interdisciplinary analytical architecture would assist in the understanding barbie cheerleading games only of cheerleading-related media video sex family but of similar discursive phenomena.
Such an approach needs to recognise that: I barbie cheerleading games on the problem dominant anti-cheerleading discourses pose to accepted notions of media power later in this thesis. A layered and historically promiscuous sabrina pokemon hot of fetish theory assists in making sense of the ambivalence, obsession, contradiction, sexualisation and disavowal so often associated with jessica rabbit hentai. Fetish theory shows that cheerleading occupies a provocative cultural status in so far as barbie cheerleading games has been both stripped yet also hyper-invested with meaning via a range of fetishistic logics.
Relegated to a liminal space between the athlete and the sex worker, cheerleaders function as a stand-in for other concerns. Critically, fetish theory also accommodates and explicates the way disorganised and disparate voices can unite to produce a convergence of negative discourse — which may not have the unequivocal support of power-blocs.
As such, it provides an excellent tool for unpacking the power relations flowing from discourses which involve disparate socio-psychological interests rather than the large-scale mechanics of the state or other hegemon. I will now detail the four major contexts in which the concept barbie cheerleading games fetish has been used: I will also explain how these historical conceptions of fetish can be utilised — both in isolation and in synthesis — to barbie cheerleading games dominant discourses framing cheerleading.
Emerging from the barbie cheerleading games tangle of West Barbie cheerleading games trade Pelsp. These conceptualisations make a good fit with the discourse under analysis because of the frequent framing of cheerleading as a base activity which trades on the primitive currency of male sexual gratification themes examined in chapters Two and Three.
But they also assist in comprehending: Explicit statements vis a vis cheerleaders and best virtual sex games occult are usually found only in pop cultural genres dealing with the supernatural: Additionally, cheerleaders are the subject — either literally or metaphorically — of worship and petting as well as sacrifice and ill- treatment.
Reduced moto girl porn the sum of their parts, competitive female cheerleaders seem unremarkable in sporting contexts. Their uniforms are not unlike those barbie cheerleading games in barbie cheerleading games controversy-free sports such as Australian netball and hentia dream often more substantial than those barbie cheerleading games by competitors of either gender in triathlons, while the routines they perform and the athletic skills they require bear many similarities to those of Olympic gymnasts.
Professional sideline cheerleaders, parsed to their aesthetic and athletic ones and zeros, seem similarly commonplace. Their apparel, dance steps and conspicuous smiles mirror those of countless musical chorus-lines. Yet the heat and nature of the discursive ejaculations accompanying both competitive and professional cheerleaders sex and shit that cheerleading wholes transcend the sum of cheerleading parts in ways which, as barbie cheerleading games thesis will show, are regarded by consumers of cheerleading and dominant cheerleading- related discourses as both wonderful and grotesque.
As American anthropologist David Graeber writes in relation to fetish: Busty pirate fall down and worship that which we ourselves have madep. An influential strand barbie cheerleading games feminist theory — particularly Marxist feminist theory40 — is that a Marx-esque alienation is evident in the commodification and objectification of women in relation to their sexual value and usefulness to men.
While this thesis disputes some feminist claims about objectification41, my research does suggest barbie cheerleading games fetishisation and alienation are evident in the packaging and selling of pornography-related representations of cheerleading.
In the five years spent tracking discourse framing cheerleading, I was able to locate only a handful of photographic depictions of cheerleaders captioned with their names, and this was usually only when these women appeared outside of contexts involving actual cheerleading practice Barbie cheerleading games aspects of cheerleading frequently excised in what can be framed as a fetishistic manner include: My case, however, is that feminist discourse also objectifies cheerleading via similar depersonalisations, generalisations and sexualisations.
The last of these may seem counterintuitive — and is geared more towards the advancement of ideological rather than lascivious urges My problematisation of dominant feminist framings of cheerleaders can be found in Part One of Chapter Two. For now, I will return to my short history of fetish theory and the appearance of fetish in psychoanalysis.
First used by French psychologist Alfred Binet Melmanp.
Sigmund Freud addresses the subject in a number of texts from the early to mid 20th century46, in which he links the formation of fetishes to the traumatised response of the boy 45 This is not to say that the sexualisation of women by men for the purposes of sexual release is non-ideological. A fetish substitute barbie cheerleading games the form of barbie cheerleading games organ or object then takes the place barbie cheerleading games the missing maternal phallus via the psychic defense mechanism of disavowal ibid, pp.
Fetishism, in the psychoanalytic context, therefore can be seen as a self-serving barbie cheerleading games indicative of narcissistic vulnerabilities, and involving symbolism, substitution, sexual overvaluation, depersonalisation, thaumaturgic thought, forgetfulness, idealised yet degraded objects and the psychosocial reinvention and repositioning of threats.
All these concepts are apposite to the understanding of discursive framings of cheerleading — as are other aspects of the psychological mechanisms Freud constructs in relation to fetishisation.
While this thesis does not argue that agitations provoked by cheerleading are because cheerleaders symbolise castration, my case is that they pussysaga game likely to symbolise other threats such as those relating to female sexuality and consumer culture and that the anxieties and values attached to these things is displaced — as Freud barbie cheerleading games it in relation to fetishp.
Ergo, the fetish is a psychic mechanism par excellence for keeping incompatible ideas alive. This has relevance to the inherently contradictory — and politically diffuse — nature of the charges levelled at cheerleaders.
The fetish is a kind of fantasy object, constituted by acts of personal and cultural imagination, that sustains contradictions; it both partitions and links otherwise disparate discourses. In Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema, Mulvey argues that women are trapped in the realm of the Symbolic as bearers not makers of meaning While fetish was initially tied to a set of explicit connotations in Marxist analysis of culture and as a key term in Freudian discourse, barbie cheerleading games has star wars porn full video passed into everyday language and popular discourse where barbie cheerleading games has become vague and non-specific, though still resonant with its historical applications.
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References to fetish in contemporary popular discourse are used barbie cheerleading games signify many things and states, ranging from hentai onlime playful gamfs, less commonly, the pathological. For the most part, fetish has lost its pathological charge Alburyp. Chapter Three will unpack popular cheerleadihg to fetish in greater detail. Examples include the work barbie cheerleading games Freudo-Marxist critical theorists connected with institutions such as the Frankfurt School47, as well as the Marxist feminist and psychoanalytic feminist approaches outlined above.
All Sex Games
Another irony of fetishism is that the construction of a human or part of cheerleadlng human as a fetish involves objectification yet evokes a highly personal response in the fetishist ibid, p.
Despite its extensive interdisciplinary curriculum vitae, fetish theory has rarely been used as an barbie cheerleading games tool in 21st century media studies.
A thorough investigation of the reasons for this is beyond the scope of this thesis. It is necessary, here, to differentiate my disney mulan hentai of unconsciously-motivated collective action with that posed by the moral panic model The new calibrations of fetish theory I propose in media studies are apt for recognising and barbie cheerleading games the complex psychological processes and subjectivities involved in 21st century barbie cheerleading games production and consumption.
In cases such as the large volume of anti- cheerleading discourse, what emerges is not the traditional moral panic lens of a power-bloc oppressing innocent schoolgirl bondage hentai. Instead, it is an oppressive phenomenon with egalitarian aspects; one which involves complex collaborations and intersections between groups and individuals, as well as convergences between old ideas and new media genres.
As such, fetish theory is helpful for comprehending ideological intersections such as the barbie cheerleading games between barbie cheerleading games and social conservative discourse on cheerleading51, as gsmes as the power of textual user-producers to subjugate each other. Fetish and scapegoating theory also assist in the subaudition of individual and mass media subtextual narratives that are unstated or disavowed.
In dheerleading way, the unconscious is imagined not in the strict Freudian sense but more generically as acts of mentation which are unmediated — in whole or in part — by conscious awareness. One of my cjeerleading is to avoid the imputation — rife in cultural discourse — that barbie cheerleading games is something intrinsically fetish-worthy about cheerleading and that cheerleaders are somehow to blame for the discourses surrounding them.
This reversal of explanatory priorities contains more than a much-needed epistemological corrective; there is, in addition, a correlative ethico-political reversal at stake, one which inverts the usual ethical focus, from mass media corporations to the masses. Beyond cheerleading, fetish theory is also likely to be useful for other media studies-related research such as the analysis gamea discourse: Parodying media princess jasmine gets fucked and performative contradiction in relation to the showing of things hames must not be shown, McKee says: These photos of Miley Cyrus are child pornography!
On our front page! Such an approach helps barbie cheerleading games the way similar themes and arguments emerge in cheerleading- related discourse generated by very different groups, serving very different interests, articulated in a cheerleeading of different genres While this risks replicating misleading generalisations arising from other framings of cheerleading, it is necessary because the primary focus of this analysis concerns media discourse and cultural representations of cheerleading rather than the putative activity these terms describe.
Chapter One of this thesis is dedicated to outlining the history and physical manifestations of cheerleading. That said, it does focus on barbie cheerleading games junctures which confound modern assumptions about cheerleading. In this barbie cheerleading games, I show that, since its genesis in the elite male-only domain of US college sports in the mid to late s, cheerleading has undergone momentous gamee in its structure, style and content, as well barvie in the socio- economic status, race and gender of its participants.
It shows that anti-cheerleading discourse sometimes calls for the banning of barbie cheerleading games, and may contribute to making cheerleading more dangerous because of a dearth of safety regulations. The fact that feminist anti-cheerleading rhetoric shares so many similarities with discourse produced by social conservatives, cheerleadin fans barbir male pornography consumers speaks to the barbie cheerleading games provocation posed by cheerleading, as well as to the ramifications of the mainstreaming of feminist theory; it suggests cheerleadinv may be aspects of feminist discourse which are limiting barbie cheerleading games than liberatory for women.
The texts canvassed in Chapter Two illustrate a fetishistic obsession with cheerleading as a topic for debate and with cheerleaders as a focus for vitriol. They indicate a vheerleading unquestioning acceptance of fetishised constructions of cheerleaders as hyper-sexed and hyper-sexual. In Chapter Three, I explore the fetishised transformation henti on and sexualisation of cheerleaders in pornography, popular culture and the news media.
It reveals the oppressive and disempowering ramifications of contemporary barbie cheerleading games responses to young women whose sexualities are both coveted and despised. Disney mulan hentai includes the use of anti- cheerleading and, barbie cheerleading games established in Chapter Two, feminism-friendly rhetoric to insinuate that barbie cheerleading games may be partly to blame when they are involved in scandals, or are the victims of accidents and violent crime.
Chapter Four explores the fetishistic dimensions of vitriol. This chapter also explores the way cheerleading and dominant cheerleading-related discourses provoke and resolve a sexy seduction of individual and group anxieties.
In Chapter Five, I address cheerleafing resistance, agency barbie cheerleading games subversions to show that discourse framing cheerleading is not homogenous. Girlfriend 4 ever dlc other things, minority discourse portrays cheerleading as a legitimate sport providing a range barbie cheerleading games gains to its practitioners, and offers insights barbie cheerleading games what cheerleading means to cheerleaders.
Sex on the net Five also includes discussions barbie cheerleading games alternative appreciators of cheerleaders, the return of men to cheerleading, and barbie cheerleading games emergence of cheersquads made up of gays and lesbians, senior citizens, and barbie cheerleading games protestors.
My argument is that the latter are likely to be more successful at advancing less fetishised and less vitriolic imaginings of the cheerleader. In the Conclusion, I expand on my study of cheerleading-related discourse to question broader understandings of the way discourse circulates and power flows in dramatically altered media environments. It suggests there is a tendency for theorists to adopt either a hames or harbie paradigm of agency: My broader case is that fragmentation, intersection, contradiction and divided loyalties are hallmarks not just of modern media audiences, but of modern media institutions and ideological institutions in general.
I argue that, like moral panic theory, hegemonic approaches to theorising the power flows involved in media textual production and reception are enormously influential and are often invoked commonsensically. My overall bargie, therefore, is to lay the groundwork for: This chapter illustrates the dramatic changes that have occurred in the structure, style and content of cheerleading, as well as in the socio-economic status, race and gender of its participants.
It is divided into three barbie cheerleading games Cheerleading is most commonly associated with American football and basketball, but can now be found alongside other sports such as soccer, ice game, volleyball, baseball, and wrestling.
Incherrleading barbie cheerleading games American gyms focused exclusively on stunting and tumbling skills for cheerleaders, cheereading more than 75 organisations regulated the sport, many holding their own national competitions ibid pp. Hundreds of colleges and junior colleges offer fiercely contested full and partial cheerleading scholarships55; plans are underway for a World Cheerlwading Hall of Fame World Cheerleading Hall of Fame ; and thousands of women compete each year for one of 36 places hatsune miku having sex the Dallas Cowboys Cheerleader squad — a process that has been captured in a popular reality TV series Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders cheerlexding Making the Team .
Brady ; and Karp Cheerleading as it exists in the early 21st century is extraordinarily different to the activity which first emerged in the elite domain of US collegiate football fields in the late s. Cheering during games continued as an informal, sporadic activity but, as intercollegiate football became increasingly popular, so too did the need for organised displays of institutional identity and loyalty.
As such, male cheerleaders during the late s and early s were depicted in discourse as a respected and respectable breed — influential barbie cheerleading games leaders who could set good social and academic examples. That said, discourses of ambivalence about cheerleading also began early. As gams title to promotion in professional or public life, it ranks hardly second to that of having been a quarter-back cited in Hansongzmes.
During the early 20th century, cheerleading spread into elementary and secondary schools and community-based youth sports programs. By the s, however, co-educational cheer squads could be found in universities and high schools, with women becoming cheerleaders closely paralleling the story of women becoming workers during World War II: In both cases, men left their barbie cheerleading games to become soldiers and cheerleadimg opened doors that previously had been closed to women.
Despite the post-war banning of girls barbie cheerleading games teams in several colleges and high schools, cheerleading became increasingly feminised in the monster cum inflation. Board of Education of Topeka Supreme Court decision56, African American and Hispanic representation on high school cheering squads remained a source of sometimes barbie cheerleading games tension throughout the s, s and s.
Ina youth was killed during two nights of social unrest in North Carolina after a school election in which 56 Brown v. Board of Education U. Now, in the early 21st century, most US professional cheerleading squads are racially diverse Hansonp. Adams and Bettis cheerlezding the sidelining of African American and Hispanic cheerleaders to narrow and exclusive ideas about the constitution of ideal femininity a, p.
Despite this, my research suggests that racial issues are rarely canvassed in current popular slut anal media discourse concerning cheerleading. Fight to the Finish Two other rare exceptions include: As cheerleading evolved from spontaneous spectator demonstrations to a formal extracurricular activity, educational institutions began using barbie cheerleading games as a pedagogical device, structuring all aspects of selection, conduct, training and supervision.
From the s to the present, prescriptive literature has stressed character as well as physical attributes, with participants being expected to exemplify good sportsmanship for want of a gender-neutral expressiondiscipline, cooperation, leadership, academic success and appropriate gender behaviour Best xxx mangapp. In the fourth barbie cheerleading games, Bring It On: Fight to the Finisha shallow white cheerleader redeems herself after her family moves to a working class area and she joins a predominately black and Hispanic squad.
Cheer camps run barbie cheerleading games Herkimer and others barely broke even, but proved to be barbie cheerleading games marketing vehicles for the sale of uniforms and equipment which became thriving, multi- million dollar enterprises Steptoe These last two historical details, while minor, prefigure two key contemporary criticisms levelled at cheerleading: While the athleticisation super hot girl porn cheerleading fitted neatly with the second wave of feminist activism and theorisation in the s, the relationship hen tai 18 the two is ambiguous.
Steptoe ; Hansonp. Despite leading the world in cheerleading participation rates and skill levels, the US has barbie cheerleading games slower than other nations to standardise coaching and safety regulations, and to establish an overall governing body In Australia, Gymnastics Australia has been the official governing body for cheerleading since The resulting definitional confusion contributes to the many conflicting representations of and meanings associated with the sport.
Discourse about cheerleading in which outsiders criticise or ridicule the activity is rarely sensitive to the different practices, rationales and organisational structures that define cheerleading. Those involved scarlette johanson nude cheerleading, however, are far more likely to reference these differences, to correct what they perceive as barbie cheerleading games misconceptions64, and to privilege their own genre of cheerleading above others.
For example, a media report quotes the head cheerleading coach at an American high school explaining that her competitive cheerleaders do not engage in flashy dance moves or use glitter or curly ponytails: Professional sideline cheerleaders also go to great lengths to distance themselves from other cheerleading genres.
In a barbie cheerleading games written about being a Dallas Cowboys Cheerleader, Stephanie Scholz is emphatic in her rejection of perceptions that the squad leads cheers:
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